Characteristics of AmazonsHow did the ancient Greeks see the Amazons?
There is a lot of literature concerning the Amazons and there are numerous pictures of Amazons in Greek art, mostly vase-painting and sculpture.
=> Earliest Amazon picture
Amazons at the river Thermodon in northern TurkeyIt has always been very clear to the ancient Greeks, where these famous Amazons once really had lived. Their home had been at the mouth of the river Thermodon in Northern Turkey. This localization is so definite that even now the river bears a Turkish name which leaves no doubt about its identity. Today the river is called Terme Çay. Çay is the Turkish name for river.
Amazons of LemnosIn ancient tradition the island Lemnos (also Limnos) was much connected with the Amazons. The ancients called this island «dominated by women».
On the trails of the Lemnian Amazons
=> Research campaign 2002
=> Research campaign 2003
=> Research campaign 2006 => The Figure Stone of Hephaistia
Samothrace - Sacred island of the »Great Goddess«
=> Research campaign 2004 (PDF file - 587 KB)
Amazons from LibyaThere had been a second localization of the Amazons in ancient times. Long before the Amazons lived at the river Thermodon, there had been Amazons in Libya.
About this subject see:
The Lost History of the Amazons
Recent research findings on the legendary women nation
Mysterious Lemnos. Island dominated by womenThis book is only available in German.
Matriarchal life form is still existing today, though very isolated. Due to cultural assimilation and growing globalization these last examples are doomed to extinction. It's a great pity because these remaining unique cultures are a living evidence that civilizations dominated by women are historical truth. Last concrete representatives are the Minangkabau of Sumatra and the Moso in the southwest of China.
The Moso in South China
A vivid picture of the matriarchy of the Moso people you get from the book: Leaving Mother Lake. A Girlhood at the Edge of the World by Yang Erche Namu and Christine Mathieu. Besides being very entertaining the autobiographical story of the Moso woman Erche Namu gives a profound insight into this definitely matriarchal people.
The German matriarchy researcher Heide Göttner-Abendroth has published her survey about the matriarchal Moso in the book: Matriarchat in Südchina (only available in German). Together with a group of women she visited the isolated Moso people in 1993. By interviewing the people they were able to trace the clear and obvious matriarchal structures.
At last there is an amazing detail: In the language of the Moso the word »Ama« has the meaning »Mother«. This is a striking analogy to the name of the warlike Amazons. Well-fitting to this the Berbers in North Africa, which had been matriarchal in the past, call themselves Amazigh in their own language. Because of this we reason that the very ancient word Ama has the meaning »Mother« in its narrow sense. In the figurative sense it stands for »Matriarchal Culture«.
The Minangkabau people of West Sumatra
The Minangkabau are the largest and most stable matrilineal society in the world today. The book by Peggy Reeves Sanday Women at the Center: Life in a Modern Matriarchy gives a deep insight into the life of this unique people. Sanday proves that the Minangkabau are truly a living and thriving matriarchal society.
=> Amazon Research Center
=> Giresun Adasi Project
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