- last »Amazon« of Lemnos -
The memorial of the successful defender of Kotsinas castle against the Turks in the Middle Ages.
- prehistoric »Amazon« of Lemnos -
Rock engraving depicting a woman who wears a headdress made of animal skin, and holds a bow.
In the ancient realm of myth there is the account
that in prehistoric times the island Lemnos (Limnos) was only inhabited by women.
This island was called gynaikokratumene, which means reigned by women.
In the Greek myth about the Argonauts a group of men comes to this island
on their way to the land of Colchis (in the East of the Black Sea). According to
this account this island was only inhabited by women; a queen named
Hypsipyle ruled over this women's state. It is interesting that
the women of Lemnos received the Greeks kindly. Apparently, these women
of Lemnos lived as self-confident Amazons on this island.
Quite obviously, this myth reflects former matriarchal life on Lemnos.
Excavations in Lemnos resulted in many amazing finds. In Poliochni
there has been excavated a town which exceeded all contemporary settlements.
There has been discovered a town which was nearly twice as large as contemporary Troy. The Early Bronze Age town of Poliochni had large roomy houses which were arranged in blocks along a North-South main road. By-roads crossed this main road at right angles, and at the crossings there were little places with wells and drainages.
The town was surrounded by a stone wall which was 5 meters high, and there were slots for archers. This is rather surprising because at this period only at Poliochni there have been found arrow-heads! It is an amazing parallel to the Amazons because the Amazons were considered as outstanding archers. The inhabitants of Poliochni seem to have been rather wealthy, so there has been discovered a valuable treasure in the ruins.
A special feature of Poliochni must be pointed out: The town consisted of uniform large dwelling houses which demonstrate that there existed a society with very little social differences. This kind of social order is a typical sign of matriarchy (female rule).
Our research work in Lemnos
On the trails of the Lemnian Amazons
=> Research campaign 2002
=> New discoveries - research campaign 2003
=> Research campaign 2006 => The Figure Stone of Hephaistia
By the way, there is a remarkable coincidence:
The name of the capital of Lemnos is Myrina. According to the ancient mythical tradition the first outstanding Amazon queen was named Myrina!
Geheimnisvolles Lemnos. Die von Frauen beherrschte Insel
Mysterious Lemnos. Island dominated by women
This book is only available in German.
The Lost History of the Amazons
Recent research findings on the legendary women nation
=> Amazon Research Center
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